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Women are overwhelmingly the victims of sexual assault and rape, while men are nearly always the perpetrators.
The vast majority of women are sexually assaulted by men with whom they are acquainted. Women are far less likely to report a rape or assault when they know their assailant, thus instance of sexual assaults are greatly under-reported.
This essay examines a number of reasons why women fail to report an assault to formal support agencies and examines some of the ways in which social services agencies can reach women in need of support. This article also discusses rape prevention programs that are effective in reducing instances of sexual assault, including programs that educate college students on the dangers of alcohol and its association with assault.
In addition, the gender role beliefs that play a role in how rape is perceived by men and women, particularly when there is a relationship between the victim and the perpetrator are investigated.
A look into the continued study and research regarding rape is also included, specifically the ability of such research to identify risk populations and risk factors as well as the type and format of education required to counter the effects of sexual assault.
The overwhelming majority of victims, however, are women who have been victimized by men Franiuk, Rape is defined as penetration or attempted penetration, but the definition of sexual assault is broader. Completed or attempted penetration; Abusive sexual contact without penetration; Non-contact sexual abuse harassment and voyeurism.
The definition also extends to acts of rape perpetrated during war, sex trafficking, and female genital mutilation Basile et al. This essay is limited to a discussion of the three bulleted points above. Consent is a critical factor when determining if sexual assault has occurred.
Non-consent or ambiguous consent cannot be construed as affirmative consent. Victims of sexual assault may not be able to give consent due to age, illness, or impairment or may be intimidated through physical violence or threats Basile et al.
Historically, rapes and sexual assaults were believed to be perpetrated against women by strangers, but current data shows that women are much more likely to be sexually assaulted by men with whom they are acquainted. In fact, estimates suggest that 82 percent of all victims of sexual assault know their assailant Basile et al.
At-Risk Populations The majority of first-time rape victims are young; 71 percent of all rapes occur before the victim reaches the age of eighteen. Young women between the ages of sixteen and twenty-four are the most at risk for being raped Feminist Majority Foundation, Although women are susceptible in almost any situation, a college campus has unique elements that contribute to higher rates of sexual assault Franiuk, College women report they "often feel emotionally and psychologically coerced into sex" Feminist Majority Foundation, A study of 3, college women surveyed indicated that more than 50 percent reported being sexually victimized and 15 percent were victims of rape.
The statistics were re-affirmed by subsequent and studies Franiuk, Colleges have higher rates of sexual assault than non-college settings because of the prevalence of Franiuk, Alcohol; Men and women living in close proximity; Increased exposure to others having sex. Many trends are apparent and disturbing when it comes to sexual assault: Women are far less likely to report instances of assault if the assailant is known to them.
Since only 15 percent of rapes are committed by strangers, this statistic is likely to indicate that only a small number of sexual assaults actually get reported. Intoxication clouds judgment and causes uncertainty about what has actually happened.
Responding to Sexual Assault through Education Researchers and sociologist believe that heightened awareness and education for both men and women can reduce the instances of sexual assault at colleges and universities.
One such study provided students with a number of different scenarios and asked them to decide which of the situations constituted sexual assault. Student perceptions revealed that many young people do not have an accurate picture or definition of what constitutes sexual assault. In a large number of cases, incidents that met the legal definition of rape or sexual assault went unreported simply because the young women involved did not perceive the incident as a sexual assault.
Knowing that the instances are likely to be significantly under-reported, it is imperative to be able to identify which scenarios are actually sexual assault and discuss the factors that make the situations less clear Franiuk, A Classroom Activity" used the following methodology to help raise awareness of sexual assault and clarify its definition.
Students were required to complete the following steps Franiuk, Students did not accurately label some of the situations as sexual assault for the following reasons Franiuk, Alcohol A report from the United Kingdom documents the role that alcohol plays in increasing the chance of sexual assault and rape.
Eighty-one percent of reported sexual assaults involved alcohol and amounts were significant enough to cause disorientation, memory loss, and loss of consciousness.
The voluntary use of alcohol is linked to an increased risk of being victimized by sexual assault by reducing inhibitions that affect judgment decisions and generally put the potential victim at greater risk for assault.
There is also increased concern about drug facilitated sexual assault DFSAbut the clandestine use of these drugs is not well documented. One challenge to reporting is that the drugs may cause memory loss or amnesia, which prevents or delays reporting of assault, which puts at risk the collection of evidence and makes confirmation and prosecution of assault more difficult French et al.
In the United States, men are being informed of the legal definition of rape as part of rape prevention programs. Prevention needs to focus on sex and relationship education to inform both men and women of what their responsibilities are while participating in healthy relationships French The entire section is 4, words.persuasive essay.
Uploaded by api Related Interests. Sexual Assault; assaulted on college campuses (Kessler, “One”) and in order to prevent and reduce the number of assaults that occur, this mandatory class would cover matters that would better violence, how to identify it, and the factual definition of consent.
To. StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. Essays; Resource Center; Persuasive Paper Part 2: Though some believe that the allowance of guns would increase violence on campus, no other college that has allowed concealed firearms has had an issue.
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Structure and organization are integral components of an effective persuasive essay. No matter how intelligent the ideas, a paper lacking a strong introduction, well-organized body paragraphs and an insightful conclusion is not an effective paper.
Jun 11, · Best Persuasive Essay Topics. Persuasive essay writing is important college and university writing assignment. Many students tend to encounter the writing issues due to the lack of proper understanding.
The persuasive essay has a set of strict rules that must be followed in order to receive good grading from your course professor. Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper. How to Cite this Page. MLA Citation: Sexual Assault Violence On College Campuses Essay on college campuses do not report the sexual assault” (The Case).
Majority of sexual assaults that happen on a college campus, will never be reported.